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Wednesday 19 October 2022

National Logistics Policy – A Brief Look

National Logistics Policy 2022 is a policy initiative aimed at improving India’s overall efficiency in logistics. Here we take a brief look at what it means.
Major hurdles in the logistics industry:
India’s logistics costs amount to 13% to 15% of GDP. The country ranks 44th in logistics, while the economy ranks fifth in the world.
Indian long-haul logistics is dependent largely on road transport as bottlenecks in their means of transport like railways and waterways abound.
Trucks in India run around 300 kms in a day compared to a global average of 400-500 km. Out of this, the empty drive rate is as high as 40% - the primary reason being a lack of information and coordination.
The railway is the second most opted medium in the country. However, both goods trains and passenger trains are run on the same rails and the passenger trains are given higher importance. Safety from damage and theft is inadequate and leaves businesses open to liabilities during goods transport. Moreover, dependency on other modes to transport goods through rail as the railway network is not always closely integrated with manufacturing and warehousing hubs.
Cost per ton-km across various modes in India
Cost per ton-km across various modes in India
What is the government trying to achieve with the New Logistics Policy?
The main objective is to reduce costs incurred in logistics from 15% to around 8% of the GDP in the coming years.
This should help in building an efficient warehousing system and creating hubs or centres for streamlining the entire supply chain process and reducing the bureaucracy and promoting cooperative federalism in trade and commerce.
Reduced logistics costs should help in the accelerated growth of enterprises, SMEs and MSMEs thereby generating more employment opportunities and the development of human capital.
It should also help in the emphasis on “Supply Chain Management” as an area of study and career.
Methods proposed under the policy
NLP proposes a Unified Logistics Interface Platform(ULIP) - a single portal comprising all the digital services related to logistics bringing together the unorganised service providers to standardise cost.  
A common tracking of inventory levels to better facilitate the demand addressing capacity and introduction of advanced technology in tracking and coordination of various services.
Ease of Logistics Service (ELOG) will be launched for grievance redressal and support to aid the continued smooth functioning of operations.
ULIP is also to be well integrated with digital tools across the logistics value chain to provide an end-to-end dashboard for efficient planning and execution.
30 logistics systems of 7 Ministries/Departments have been integrated through 102 APIs with ULIP. The aim is to create a UPI kind of structure in which every single transaction of the logistics department can be authenticated.
Integration of ULIP with other digital tools
Integration of ULIP with other digital tools
Possible hurdles that must be addressed
Huge costs are needed for the initial infrastructure developments primarily in roads, trucks, rails, warehouse development and technology implementation.
Logistics is largely a disorganised market and implementation of uniform systems can be initially challenging.
Reduction of tax revenue on various fronts for the government might cause bias in the effective implementation of this policy.
As a digital system, system availability, efficient and fast operation, maintaining resilient and reliable backup facilities and cybersecurity are very important for smooth functioning. Any disruption that causes a delay could cause higher losses under the hub system.
How will it help?

Friday 7 October 2022



Multidisciplinary learning is one of the best ways to improve our investment acumen. Here is a summary of some of the best learnings of the week. If you like this collection, consider forwarding it to someone who you think will appreciate it.
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Narrative becomes important in the absence of earnings
In speculative periods when stock prices soar, investors frequently ignore the underlying earnings, balance sheets, etc. of stocks they own. Instead, recent price momentum dictates investors’ buy/sell decisions. Thus, a rising stock price alone is often enough justification to warrant buying shares.
One advantage that these unprofitable companies arguably have is that without existing profits, it’s impossible to compare the practicality of future profit projections.
In Simple Principles of Investment, published in 1919, the author joked: “If there is nothing to compare, there is nothing to criticize.”
Consequently, companies in this camp have more “gray area” to stir up enthusiasm, as it’s harder to disprove the feasibility of their narratives and projections. As a result, without actual profits, the company narrative becomes increasingly important for attracting capital.
It's Supposed To Be Hard
Every investor knows, or should know, the truth about money management: More than 80% of professional investors underperform their benchmark (more depending on how you calculate it). Those stats are used in an often cynical way to show how the industry is broken, crowded, and ineffective.
But wouldn’t it be weirder if it were different?
Wouldn’t it be strange if every slightly ambitious investor could pick a few stocks and earn returns capable of generating dynastic wealth with other people’s money? Or even most of them? How and why could that world possibly exist? The reason Warren Buffett is interesting is because there’s only one of him.
The thing to keep in mind is that in any endeavor that has the potential to deliver big rewards, the best you can do is put the odds of success in your favor, which means recognizing that if you make 100 attempts at something, 99 of them might be failures but one might be an enormous win.
Psychological investing
If your horizon stretches ten years or more, then owning a good business is one of the safest places to be. Even better: own a portfolio of such businesses. Thank goodness we have public equity markets, where we can easily buy pieces of some of the best businesses on the planet. 
What makes investing hard is that things don’t unfold in an even, or predictable, manner. There are some great runs, there are nasty drawdowns and there are extended periods where you seem to go nowhere. Each presents lots of opportunities for investors to make costly mistakes.
You can lower the risks of making mistakes, too, by severely limiting the kinds of businesses you own in the first place. Investors usually focus on trying to find ideas that will perform, or perhaps where they feel they won’t lose money. But I will suggest another, less appreciated angle: think about the psychology involved in owning the name.
We have to admit part of investing is psychological - maybe the most important part. And we know the market will test us along the way. So, we have to look for businesses we would be comfortable holding even during bad times.
Quote of the Week:
“Life, in part, is like a poker game, wherein you have to learn to quit sometimes when holding a much-loved hand— you must learn to handle mistakes and new facts that change the odds.”
~Charlie Munger
Audio/Video of the Week: How to Time the Market
🔴 How to Time the Market (w/ Milton Berg)
🔴 How to Time the Market (w/ Milton Berg)
Quiver smallcase https://publisher.smallcase.com/smallcase/INSMO_0005 has been performing well since its inception with a CAGR of 25.78%. It has been able to outperform consistently over the entire duration.
CAGR of 25.78%
CAGR of 25.78%
Consistent Outperformance
Consistent Outperformance

Thursday 6 October 2022

Insights@Intelsense: Draft National Electricity Plan, September 2022

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The Draft National Electricity Plan, September 2022 offers great insight into the Power Sector.
Here we do a deep dive into some of the critical portions from the standpoint of infrastructural development and opportunities that may open up in this space.
The plan envisages achieving a capacity addition of nearly 50% of the already existing installed base.
The total installed capacity for our country has grown at a rate of ~7.84% CAGR since independence.
The growth of installed capacity and energy generation has seen some tapering off compare to other historical 5 years periods and is expected to gain momentum from here.
Major reforms were undertaken in the Distribution Sector along with liquidity infusion during COVID -19.
The plan forecasts Region wise Energy requirement for the next decade.
The need for Inter-regional transmission capacity is stressed and also considered in the plan.
The estimated fund requirement for the capacity addition is a massive 14.35 lakh crore over the next 5 years.
The fund requirement to complete these projects is expected to provide growth opportunities for the Banking Sector at large.
The planned capex will open up requirements for the entire supply chain. Boiler, Turbine &Generator (BTG) form a major part of the thermal power plant. This is expected to benefit BHEL the largest player with L&T, Thermax & others.
Another very important part is emission control equipment like FGD - Flue Gas Desulphurisation and SCR - Selective Catalytic Reduction.
BHEL is already doing large FGD orders and working for SCR also.
The construction machinery requirement for a 660 MW set is outlined in the plan.
The plan mentions need of civil contractors to execute Hydro projects.
Wind Power plants execution can be achieved but focus on building quality turbines will be essential.
The plan stresses the need for developing indigenous sources for critical items.
The key material requirement is expected to provide major demand boost to Core Sector such as Cement & Steel. Major Cement demand coming from Hydro plants and for Steel from Wind projects.
Castings, Forgings, Tubes, Turbines and Generators requirement for Thermal Power Stations.
An FGD system alone will require huge amounts of Material for construction.
Limestone requirement for FGD is also expected to be massive.
Land Requirement in terms of Acre/MW was estimated.
Emission norms highlight the importance of FGD
The investments, if they fructify, could be a significant game-changer in the infrastructure space in India.